Geneva Study Bible
1 Thessalonians 2
(1) That which he mentioned before briefly concerning his apostleship, he handles now more at large, and to that end and purpose which we spoke of.
(2) The virtues of a true pastor are freely without fear to preach the Gospel, even in the midst of dangers.
(a) Through God's gracious help.
(3) To teach pure doctrine faithfully and with a pure heart.
(b) By any wicked and evil type of dealing.
(4) To approve his conscience to God, being free from all flattery and covetousness.
(c) There is this difference between the judgments of God and the judgments of men, that when men choose, they give regard to the qualities of those things which stand before them, but God finds the reason of his counsel only in himself. Therefore, it follows that seeing as we are not able to think a good thought, that whoever he first chooses to those callings, he does not find them able but indeed makes them able. And therefore in that we are empowered of God, it depends upon his mercy.
(d) Who approves and allows them.
(5) To submit himself even to the basest, to win them, and to avoid all pride.
(e) When I might lawfully have lived upon the expenses of the churches.
(f) We were rough, and yet easy and gentle as a nurse that is neither seeking glory, nor covetous, but who takes all pains as patiently as if she were a mother.
(6) To consider the flock that is committed to him as more important than his own life.
(7) To let go of his own rights, rather than to be a cost to his sheep.
(8) To excel others in the example of a godly life.
(9) To exhort and comfort with a fatherly mind and affection.
(10) To exhort all men diligently and earnestly to lead a godly life.
(11) Having approved his ministry, he commends again (to that end and purpose that I spoke of) the cheerfulness of the Thessalonians which was due to his diligence in preaching, and their brave patience.
(12) He strengthens and encourages them in their afflictions which they suffered among their own people, because they were afflicted by their own countrymen. And this happened, he says, to the churches of the Jews, as well as to them: and therefore they ought to take it in good part.
(g) Which Christ has gathered together.
(h) Even from those who are from the same country and the same town that you are from.
(13) He prevents an offence which might be taken, because the Jews especially above all others persecuted the Gospel. That is no new thing, he says, seeing that they slew Christ himself, and his Prophets, and have banished me also.
(14) He foretells the utter destruction of the Jews, lest any man should be moved by their rebellion.
(i) For the Jews would neither enter into the kingdom of God themselves, nor allow others to enter in.
(k) Until that wickedness of theirs which they have by inheritance as it were of their fathers, has grown so great, that the measure of their iniquity being filled, God may come forth to wrath.
(l) The judgment of God who was angry, which indeed appeared shortly after in the destruction of the city of Jerusalem, where many fled even out of various provinces, when it was besieged.
(15) He meets with an objection, why he did not come to them immediately, being in such great misery: I often desired to, he says, and I was not able, but Satan hindered my endeavours, and therefore I sent Timothy my faithful companion to you, because you are most dear to me.
(m) Were kept apart from you, and as it were orphans.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Thessalonians 2". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25