Geneva Study Bible
The Argument - When the time of the seventy years captivity prophesied by Jeremiah was expired, God raised up Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi, to comfort the Jews, and to exhort them to the building of the temple, which was a figure of the spiritual Temple and Church of God, whose perfection and excellency depended on Christ. And because all were given to their own pleasures and benefits, he declares that that plague of famine, which God then sent among them, was a just reward for their ingratitude, in that they condemned God's honour, who had delivered them. Yet he comforts them, if they will return to the Lord, with the promise of great felicity, since the Lord will finish the work that he has begun, and send Christ whom he had promised, and by whom they would attain to perfect joy and glory.
(a) Who was the son of Histaspis and the third king of the Persians, as some think.
(b) Because the building of the temple began to cease, by reason that the people were discouraged by their enemies: and if these two notable men had need to be stirred up and admonished of their duties, what will we think of other governors, whose doings are either against God, or very cold in his cause?
(c) Not that they condemned the building of it, but they preferred policy and personal profit to religion, being content with small beginnings.
(d) Showing that they sought not only their necessities, but their very pleasures before God's honour.
(e) Consider the plagues of God upon you for preferring your policies to his religion, and because you do not seek him above all else.
(f) Meaning, that they should leave their own benefits, and go forward in the building of God's temple, and in the setting forth of his religion.
(g) That is, I will hear your prayers according to my promise; (1 Kings 8:22), (1 Kings 8:29).
(h) That is, my glory will be set forth by you.
(i) And so bring it to nothing.
(k) This declares that God was the author of the doctrine, and that Haggai was but the minister, as in (Exodus 14:31), (Judges 7:20) ; (Acts 15:28).
(l) Which declares that men are unable and dull to serve the Lord, neither can they obey his word or his messengers, before God reforms their hearts, and gives them new spirits; (John 6:44).
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Haggai 1". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24