Geneva Study Bible
(1) The wisdom of the flesh chooses the least of two evils, but God curses that very wisdom.
(2) Christ is again acquitted by the same mouth with which he was afterwards condemned.
(a) They will have him crucified whom, by an old custom of theirs, they should have stoned and hanged up as convicted of blasphemy: but they desire to have him crucified after the manner of the Romans.
(3) Pilate's conscience fights for Christ, but it immediately yields, because it is not upheld with the singular power of God.
(4) Pilate condemns himself first, with the same mouth with which he afterwards condemns Christ.
(b) "Gabbatha" signifies a high place, as judgment seats are.
(5) Christ fastens Satan, sin, and death to the cross.
(6) Christ, sitting upon the throne of the cross, is publicly proclaimed everlasting King of all people by the hand of him who condemned him for usurping a kingdom.
(7) Christ signifies by the division of his garments amongst the bloody butchers (except for his coat which had no seam) that it will come to pass, that he will shortly divide his benefits, and enrich his very enemies throughout the world: but in such a way that the treasure of his Church will remain whole.
(8) Christ is a perfect example of all righteousness, not only in the keeping of the first, but also of the second table of the ten commandments.
(9) Christ when he has taken the vinegar, yields up the Spirit, indeed drinking up in our name that most bitter and severe cup of his Father's wrath.
(c) Galatinus witnesses out of the book called Sanhedrin that the Jews often gave those who were executed vinegar mixed with frankincense to drink, to make them somewhat delirious: so the Jews provided charitably for the poor men's conscience who were executed.
(10) The body of Christ which was dead for a season (because it so pleased him) is wounded, but not the least bone of it is broken: and such is the state of his resurrection body.
(11) Christ, being dead upon the cross, witnesses by a double sign that he alone is the true satisfaction, and the true washing for the believers.
(d) This wound was a most manifest witness of the death of Christ: for the water that issued out by this wound shows us plainly that the weapon pierced the very skin that encompasses the heart, and this skin is the vessel that contains the water; and once that is wounded, the creature which is so pierced and stricken has no choice but to die.
(12) Christ is openly buried, and in a famous place, Pilate permitting and allowing it, and buried by men who showed favour to Christ in doing this, men who had before that day never openly followed him: so that by his burial, no man can justly doubt either of his death, or resurrection.
(e) That no man might frivolously object to his resurrection, as though someone else that had been buried there had risen; Theophylact.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on John 19". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25