Geneva Study Bible
(1) Mary Magdalene, Peter, and John, are the first witnesses of the resurrection, and these cannot justly be suspected, for they themselves could hardly be persuaded of it; therefore, they would obviously not invent such a story on purpose.
(a) That is, outside of the cave which the sepulchre was cut out of.
(2) Two angels are made witnesses of the Lord's resurrection.
(b) In white clothing.
(c) Mary spoke as the common people used to speak: for they spoke of a dead carcass as they did of a living man.
(3) Jesus witnesses by his presence that he is truly risen.
(4) Christ, who is risen, is not to be sought in this world according to the flesh, but in heaven by faith where he has gone before us.
(d) By his brethren he means his disciples, for in the following verse it is said that Mary told his disciples.
(e) He calls God his Father because he is naturally his Father in the Godhead, and he says "your Father" because he is our Father by grace through the adoption of the sons of God: that is, by taking us by his free grace to be his sons; Epiphanius.
(5) Christ, in that he presents himself before his disciples suddenly through his divine power, when the gates were shut, fully assures them both of his resurrection, and also of their apostleship, inspiring them with the Holy Spirit who is the director of the ministry of the Gospel.
(f) Either the doors opened to him of their own accord, or the very walls themselves were a passage to him.
(6) The publishing of the forgiveness of sins by faith in Christ, and the setting forth and proclaiming the wrath of God in retaining the sins of the unbelievers, is the sum of the preaching of the gospel.
(7) Christ draws out of the unbelief of Thomas a certain and sure testimony of his resurrection.
(8) True faith depends upon the mouth of God, and not upon the eyes of the flesh.
(9) To believe in Christ, the Son of God and our only saviour, is the goal of the doctrine of the gospel, and especially of the true account of the resurrection.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on John 20". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25