Geneva Study Bible
(a) This feast was so called because of the booths and tents which they made out of different types of boughs, and sat under them seven days altogether; and during this entire time the feast went on.
(1) The grace of God comes not by inheritance, but it is a gift that comes in another way: because of this it occurs that the children of God often suffer more affliction from their own relatives than from strangers.
(b) His relatives: for the Hebrews used to speak in this way.
(2) We must not follow the foolish desires of our friends.
(3) An example of horrible confusion in the very bosom of the Church. The pastors oppress the people with terror and fear: the people seek Christ, when he does not appear: when he offers himself, they neglect him. Some also that know him condemn him rashly: only a very few think well of him, and even then in secret.
(c) Or, boldly and freely: for the majority of the Jews wanted nothing more than to extinguish his fame and his name.
(4) Christ uses goodness to strive against the wickedness of the world: in the meanwhile most men are offended even by that fame by which they ought to have been stirred up to embrace Christ.
(d) About the fourth day of the feast.
(5) Therefore there are few to whom the gospel appeals, because the giving of serious attention to godliness is very rare.
(e) See above in (John 5:22); and he speaks this in accordance with the opinion of the Jews, as if he said, "My doctrine is not mine, that is, it is not the doctrine of myself, whom you consider to be just a mere man and therefore treat me lightly, but it is his that sent me."
(6) The true doctrine of salvation differs from the false in this, that the true doctrine sets forth the glory of God, and the false doctrine by puffing up men, dishonouring the glory of God.
(7) None boast more confidently that they themselves are the defenders of the law of God than they that break it most impudently.
(8) The sabbath day (which is here set before us as a standard of all ceremonies) was not appointed to hinder, but to further and practise God's works, amongst which the main one is the love of our neighbour.
(f) That is to say, if the law of circumcision which Moses gave matters so much to you that you do not hesitate to circumcise upon the sabbath, do you rightly reprove me for thoroughly healing a man?
(9) We must judge according to the truth of things, lest men turn us from the truth and carry us away.
(g) By the show that I make: for I seem to be a despicable person from among the rabble of Galilee, and a carpenter's son, whom no man considers to be very important: but mark the matter itself well, and judge the tree by the fruit.
(10) Many marvel that the endeavours of the enemies of God have no success, but in the meanwhile they do not acknowledge the strength and power of God.
(11) Men are very wise to have checks and balances for their own thoughts.
(12) The truth of Christ does not depend upon the judgment of man.
(13) The wicked cannot do what they desire, but what God has appointed.
(14) As the kingdom of God increases, so increases the rage of his enemies, till at last they seek in vain for those missing blessings which they despised when they were present.
(h) Literally, "to the dispersion of the Gentiles" or "Greeks", and under the name of the Greeks he refers to the Jews who were dispersed among the Gentiles.
(15) There are two principles of our salvation: the one is to be thoroughly touched with a true feeling of our extreme poverty: the other to seek in Christ only (whom we catch hold of by faith) the abundance of all good things.
(i) The last day of the feast of tabernacles, that is, the eighth day, was as celebrated a day as the first.
(k) The scripture being referred to is not found anywhere word for word, but rather Christ seems to be referring to many different places where mention is made of the gifts of the Holy Spirit; see (Joel 2:28-29) ; (Isaiah 44:3) and especially (Isaiah 55:1-13).
(l) What is meant by the Holy Spirit he expressed a little before, speaking of the Spirit which they that believed in him should receive. So that by the name of Holy Spirit are meant the powers and mighty workings of the Holy Spirit.
(m) That is, those things were not yet seen and perceived which were to show and set forth the glory of the only begotten.
(16) There is contention even in the Church itself about the main point of religion: neither has Christ any more cruel enemies than those that occupy the seat of truth: yet they cannot do what they would.
(17) God scorns from heaven those who are his Son's enemies.
(18) False pastors are so stupid and foolish that they consider the Church of God to be of value according to the number of people in it, and from the outward show of it.
(n) What the one who is accused has committed.
(19) There is no counsel against the Lord.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on John 7". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25