Geneva Study Bible
(1) Christ, the son of God, taking upon himself the form of a servant, and making himself of no reputation, is poorly born in a stable: and by the means of Augustus, the mightiest prince in the world, (thinking nothing of it) has his cradle prepared in Bethlehem, as the prophets foretold.
(a) As far as the empire of the Romans stretched.
(b) That is, the inhabitants of every city should have their names recorded, and their goods rated at a certain value, that the emperor might understand how rich every country, city, family, and house was.
(c) Which David was born and brought up in.
(2) The angels themselves declare to poor shepherds (not at all regarding the pride of the mighty) the Godhead and office of the child lying in the crib.
(d) Living outside, and in the open air.
(e) Came suddenly upon them, when they were not at all thinking about such a matter.
(f) Whole armies of angels, who compass the majesty of God round about, just as soldiers, as it were.
(g) God's ready, good, infinite, and gracious favour towards men.
(3) Christ, the head of the Church, made subject to the law in order to deliver us from the curse of the law (as the name of Jesus well declares) being circumcised, ratifies and seals in his own flesh the circumcision of the flesh.
(4) Christ, upon whom all our sins were laid, being offered to God according to the law purifies both Mary and us all in himself.
(h) This is meant for the fulfilling of the law: for otherwise the virgin was not defiled, nor unclean, by the birth of this child.
(5) Simeon openly in the temple foretells the death of the coming of Messiah, of the casting out of the greatest part of Israel, and of the calling of the Gentiles.
(i) He was endued with the gifts of the Holy Spirit, and this is said using the figure of speech metonymy.
(k) Joseph and Mary: and he says "parents" because that is what most of the people then thought.
(l) Let me depart out of this life, to be joined to my Father.
(m) As you promised me.
(n) That is, for I have seen with my very eyes: for he saw before in mind, as it is said of Abraham, "He saw my day and rejoiced."
(o) That in which your salvation is contained.
(p) As a sign set up in a high place for all men to look upon.
(q) Is appointed and set by God for a mark.
(r) Fall of the reprobate who perishes because of their own fault: and for the rising of the elect, unto whom God will give faith to believe.
(s) That is, a mark, which all men will strive earnestly to hit.
(t) Will most keenly wound and grieve.
(6) Another witness besides Simeon, against whom no objection may be brought, inviting all men to the receiving of the Messiah.
(u) As Christ grew up in age, so the virtue of his Godhead showed itself more and more.
(7) The scribes and Pharisees are aroused to hear the wisdom of Christ in his time by an extraordinary deed.
(8) All duties which we owe to men, even though they are not to be neglected, so are they (according to the position in life which God has set us) not to be preferred before the glory of God.
(9) Christ, very man, is made like us in every way except sin.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 2". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25