Geneva Study Bible
(1) Christ in his present company is humble in the gospel, but all the while he is Lord both of heaven and earth.
(a) Luke counts eight days, containing in that number the first and last, and Matthew speaks but of the days between them.
(b) Changed into another colour.
(c) The word "my" distinguishes Christ from other children. For he is God's natural son, we by adoption; therefore he is called the first begotten among the brethren, because although he is by right the only son, yet he is chief among many, in that he is the source and head of the adoption.
(d) Fell down flat on their faces and worshipped him, as in (Matthew 2:11).
(e) Which they saw, otherwise the word used in this place is usually used in referring to that which is seen in a dream.
(2) Men are unworthy of Christ's goodness, yet nonetheless he pays attention to them.
(f) As men used to do when making supplication.
(g) They that at certain times of the moon are troubled with the falling sickness, or any other kind of disease: but in this case, we must so understand it, that besides the natural disease he had a demonic derangement.
(3) Incredulity and distrust hinder and break the direction of God's benefits.
(4) The remedy against distrust.
(h) To help us to understand the watchfulness and diligence of earnest prayer, which cannot be without sobriety.
(5) Our minds must be prepared more and more for the offence of the cross.
(6) In that Christ willingly obeys Caesar's edicts, he shows that civil policy is not taken away by the Gospel.
(i) He does not deny, but he asks.
(k) Should he not pay?
(l) They that were from twenty years of age to fifty, paid half a shekel to the Sanctuary, (Exodus 30:13). This was an Attic didrachma which the Roman exacted after they had subdued Judea.
(m) By children we must not understand subjects who pay tribute, but natural children.
(n) The word used here is "stater", which is in value four didrachmas; every drachma is about five pence.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Matthew 17". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25