Geneva Study Bible
(1) An example of the horrible judgment of God upon those who sell Christ as opposed to those who buy Christ.
(a) Out of the sight of men.
(b) The treasury of the temple.
(c) Of life and death.
(d) Strangers and guests, whom the Jews could not endure to be joined with even after they were dead.
(e) As this prophecy is found in (Zechariah 11:12) it cannot be denied that Jeremy's name slipped into the text either through the fault of the Scribe, or by someone else's ignorance: it may also be that it came out of the margin by means of the abbreviation on one of the letters, the one being "yod" and the other being "zayin", which are very similar: But in the Syrian text the Prophet's name is not written down at all.
(f) The evangelist does not follow the prophet's words, but instead he follows the prophet's meaning, which he shows to have been fulfilled.
(2) Christ holds his peace when he is accused in order that we may not be accused: acknowledging our guiltiness, and at the same time his own innocence.
(3) Christ is first acquitted by the same judge who condemns him, that we might see how the just dies for the unjust.
(4) Christ being acquitted by the testimony of the judge himself is nonetheless condemned by him, in order to acquit us before God.
(g) It was a custom in ancient times that when any man was murdered, or there were other slaughters, to wash their hands in water to declare themselves guiltless.
(h) Of the murder; a Hebrew idiom.
(i) If there is any offence committed in slaying him, let us and our posterity suffer for it.
(5) Christ endures that reproach which was due to our sins; meanwhile, in spite of this, by the secret providence of God he is entitled king by those who did him that reproach.
(k) They threw a cloak about him and wrapped it around him, for it did not have any sleeves.
(l) John and Mark also mention a purple robe, which is also a very pleasant red. But these profane and impudently disrespectful soldiers clad Jesus in this array to make an additional mockery of him, this one who was indeed a true King.
(m) They compelled Simon to bear his burdensome cross, by which it appears that Jesus was so poorly handled before that he fainted along the way, and was not able to bear his cross the whole distance: for John writes that he did bear the cross, that is, at the beginning.
(6) He is led out of the city so that we might be brought into the heavenly kingdom.
(7) Christ found no comfort anywhere, that in him we might be filled with comfort.
(8) He is made a curse, so that in him we may be blessed: his garments are taken from him so that we might be enriched by his nakedness.
(9) He is pronounced the true Messiah, even by those who reject him.
(10) Christ then began to judge the world, when after his judgment he hung between two thieves.
(11) To make full satisfaction for us, Christ suffered and overcame not only the torments of the body, but also the most horrible torments of the mind.
(n) This is spoken using the figure of speech called synecdoche, for only one of the thieves reviled him.
(12) Heaven itself is darkened for very horror, and Jesus cries out from the depth of hell, and all during this time he is being mocked.
(o) That is, in this misery: And this crying out is a natural part of his humanity, which, even though it was void of sin, still felt the wrath of God, the wrath which is due to our sins.
(p) They allude to Elias' name, not because they did not understand what he said, but because of a profane impudence and disrespect, and he repeated those words so that this repetition of the name might be understood.
(13) Christ, after he had overcome other enemies, at length provokes and attacks death itself.
(14) Christ, when he is dead, shows himself to be God Almighty, and even his enemies confess the same.
(q) Which separated the holiest of all.
(r) That is to say, the stones broke apart, and the graves opened themselves to show by this act that death was overcome: and the resurrection of the dead followed the resurrection of Christ, as the next verse indicates (Matthew 27:53).
(15) Christ is buried, not privately or by stealth, but with the governor's consent, by a famous man, in a place not far distant, in a new tomb, so that his death cannot be doubted.
(16) The keeping of the tomb is committed to Christ's own murderers, so that there might be no doubt of his resurrection.
(f) The soldiers of the garrison who were appointed to guard the temple.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Matthew 27". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25