Geneva Study Bible
(1) Christ is tempted in all manner of ways, and still overcomes, that we also through his virtue may overcome.
(a) A full forty days.
(b) The battlement which encompassed the flat roof of the Temple so that no man might fall down: as was appointed by the law; (Deuteronomy 22:8).
(c) Literally, "Thou shalt not go on still in tempting."
(2) When the Herald's mouth is stopped, the Lord reveals himself and brings full light into the darkness of this world, preaching free forgiveness of sins for those that repent.
(d) Which was a town a great deal more famous than Nazareth was.
(e) Of Tiberias, or because that country went toward Tyre, which borders the eastern Mediterranean Sea.
(f) So called because it bordered upon Tyre and Sidon, and because Solomon gave the king of Tyre twenty cities in that quarter; (1 Kings 9:11).
(g) Is come to you.
(3) Christ, thinking that he would eventually depart from us, even at the beginning of his preaching gets himself disciples of a heavenly sort, poor and unlearned, and therefore such as might be left as honest witnesses of the truth of those things which they heard and saw.
(4) Christ assures the hearts of the believers of his spiritual and saving virtue, by healing the diseases of the body.
(h) Their, that is, the Galilaeans.
(i) Synagogues, that is, the Churches of the Jews.
(k) Of the Messiah.
(l) Diseases of all kinds, but not every disease: that is, as we say, some of every kind.
(m) The word properly signifies the weakness of the stomach: but here it is taken for those diseases which make those that have them faint and wear away.
(n) The word signifies properly the stone with which gold is tried: and by a borrowed kind of speech, is applied to all kinds of examinations by torture, when as by rough dealing and torments, we draw out the truths from men who otherwise would not confess: in this place it is taken for those diseases, which put sick men to great woe.
(o) Who at every full moon or the change of the moon, are troubled and diseased.
(p) Weak and feeble men, who have the parts of their body loosed and so weakened, that they are neither able to gather them up together, nor do with them as they wish.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Matthew 4". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25