Matthew Poole's English Annotations
on the Holy Bible
Book Overview - John
by Matthew Poole
The penman of this Gospel is generally taken to have been John the son of Zebedee, Matthew 10:2, not either John the Baptist, or John surnamed Mark, Acts 15:37 . He was a person mightily honoured by Christ's personal favours, and therefore often called the beloved disciple; you may read of these favours in these scriptures following, Matthew 17:1, Luke 9:28, Luke 22:8, John 13:23, John 19:26-27, John 20:2, Acts 3:3, Acts 4:13, Galatians 2:9. Thus far the Scripture guides us. He is thought to have gone to and continued in Asia till the third of the ten persecutions in the time of Trajan. He was by Domitian banished into Patmos, where he wrote the Revelation.
The time when he wrote this Gospel is uncertain; some think about the latter part of his life: he died the last of all the apostles, judged about a hundred years after the birth of Christ. It is said that the heresies of Ebion and Cerinthus, who denied Christ's Divinity, and of the Nicolaitanes, who held many absurd things about his person, gave occasion to the writing of this Gospel; himself mentions the doctrine of the Nicolaitanes, Revelation 2:6; and Ebion and Cerinthus are thought to be those antichrists which he in his Epistles reflects upon.
Two things are observed of him:
2. That he mentions very little reported by the other evangelists:
the Week of Proper 13 / Ordinary 18