Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 8:10

Toi sent Joram his son to King David to greet him and bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him; for Hadadezer had been at war with Toi. And Joram brought with him articles of silver, of gold and of bronze.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Diplomacy;   Hadadezer;   Hadoram;   Hamath;   Joram;   Silver;   Syria;   Toi;   Thompson Chain Reference - Giving;   Liberality-Parsimony;   Silver;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Brass, or Copper;   Dedication;   Salutations;   Silver;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Philistines;   Toi;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Hamath;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Amos, Theology of;   Israel;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Armoury;   David;   Euphrates;   Hadarezer;   Hadoram;   Hamath;   Jehoram;   Rabbah;   Toi;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Hadoram;   Hamath;   Joram;   Toi;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Aramean;   Hadad-Ezer;   Hamath;   King, Kingship;   Samuel, Books of;   Syria;   Toi;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Joram;   Samuel, Books of;   Zobah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Hadadezer ;   Hadoram ;   Joram, Jehoram;   Toi ;   Zoba, Zobah ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hamath;   Moab;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Hadade'zer;   Jo'ram;   To'i;   Zo'ba,;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - David;   Hadoram;   Israel, Religion of;   Joram;   Palestine;   Tax;   Zobah;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Adoniram;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Hadadezer;   Hadoram;   Hamath;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Joram - Or, more probably, Hadoram. See the margin.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:10". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-8.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Then Toi sent Joram his son unto King David,.... Who is called Hadoram in 1 Chronicles 18:10; though the Syriac and Arabic versions read Joram there:

to salute him: to inquire of his welfare after his fatigue in the battles he had had with the Moabites and Syrians, and to wish him all happiness and prosperity for the future:

and to bless him; to congratulate him on his victory, and to wish him success in all after wars he might be engaged in; and particularly to give him thanks for delivering him from so great an enemy as Hadadezer had been to him, as also to bring a present to him, which is sometimes called a blessing; see Genesis 33:11,

because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him; that is, David had, which had endeared him to Toi:

for Hadadezer had wars with Toi; was an enemy of his, sought to take his kingdom from him, and had had many battles with him: and though he could not conquer him, he sadly harassed him, being too mighty for him:

and Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold,

and vessels of brass; as a present to David, in gratitude for his deliverance from his enemy by him, and as a token of his homage and subjection to him; at least as a sign that he put himself under his protection, and desired to be his friend and ally. The word "Joram", though not in the Hebrew text, is rightly supplied; for none else can be supposed to bring the present.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:10". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-8.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to f bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And [Joram] brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:

(f) For seeing David victorious, he was glad to ask for peace.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:10". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-8.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Joram — or Hadoram (1 Chronicles 18:10).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-8.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 8:10 Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And [Joram] brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:

Ver. 10. Then Toi sent Joram his son:] So true is that of Solomon, "Many are the lovers of the rich and prosperous: whenas the poor is hated even of his own neighbour," [Proverbs 14:20] as David had been whilst in a low condition.

Had wars with Toi.] Heb., Was a man of wars with him. (a) A quarrelsome man is like a cock of the game, that is still bloody with the blood of others, and himself.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:10". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-8.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations
on the Holy Bible

Toi sent Joram: here also the names differ from 1 Chronicles 18:9,10, where it is Tou and Hadoram.

Had wars, Heb. was a man of wars, i.e. was exercised with continual wars. Compare Genesis 9:20, &c.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:10". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-8.html. 1685.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Joram, called Adoram in Chronicles. (Calmet) --- His, Joram's hand. (Menochius)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:10". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-8.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Joram. Septuagint reads "Hadoram". Compare 1 Chronicles 18:10.

had wars with. Hebrew = " was a man ("ish, App-14) of wars with. "

with him. Hebrew in his hand.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-8.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:

Joram - or Hadoram (1 Chronicles 18:10).

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-8.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(10) Joram=Hadoram, 1 Chronicles 18:10. Joram is probably the Jewish form of the same name. An embassy headed by the king’s son was an especially honourable one. The occasion was David’s conquest of Toi’s neighbour and constant enemy, and the large presents sent by him have something of the character of tribute. The phrase “to bless him,” is simply equivalent to “congratulate him,” by which the same word is translated in 1 Chronicles 18:10.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:10". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-8.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:
Joram
1 Chronicles 18:10
Hadoram
salute him. Heb. ask him of peace.
Genesis 43:27; Isaiah 39:1
to bless him
1 Samuel 13:10; *marg:; 1 Kings 1:47; Psalms 129:8
had wars
Heb. was a man of wars. brought with him. Heb. in his hand were.
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:7 - And Jacob;  Genesis 47:10 - General2 Samuel 19:9 - The king;  1 Kings 5:1 - sent;  1 Kings 10:25 - every man;  2 Kings 20:12 - sent letters;  2 Chronicles 32:23 - gifts;  Isaiah 14:32 - shall one;  Micah 4:13 - I will consecrate;  Acts 25:13 - unto

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-8.html.