Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 8:12

from Aram and Moab and the sons of Ammon and the Philistines and Amalek, and from the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ammonites;   Hadadezer;   Rehob;   Syria;   Zeal, Religious;   Zobah;   Thompson Chain Reference - Ammonites;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Amalekites, the;   Ammonites, the;   Moabites;   Syria;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Amalekites;   Moabites;   Philistines;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Israel;   Samson;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Amos, Theology of;   Israel;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Armoury;   David;   Euphrates;   Hadarezer;   Moabite;   Rabbah;   Rehob;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Amalekites;   Haman;   Rehob (1);   Simeon;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Esau;   Hadad-Ezer;   King, Kingship;   Rehob;   Samuel, Books of;   Transjordan;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Jacob;   Moab, Moabites;   Rehob;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Amalek, Amalekites ;   Hadadezer ;   Rehob ;   Zoba, Zobah ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hamath;   Moab;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Hadade'zer;   Re'hob;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Pavilion;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Rehob;   Tax;   Zobah;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Amalekites;   Ammonites;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Hadadezer;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Syria - Rather, as in 1 Chronicles 18:11, Edom, which is manifestly the right reading, both because Edom, Moab, and Ammon are so frequently joined together, and because David‘s Syrian spoil is expressly mentioned at the end of the verse. (The Hebrew letters for Aram (Syria) and Edom are very similar.)

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These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:12". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-8.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Of Syria,.... Of Syria of Damascus, as distinct from Syriazobah, Hadadezer was king of, after mentioned; this is omitted in 1 Chronicles 18:11,

and of Moab: who brought him gifts and presents, and were tributaries to him, 2 Samuel 8:2,

and of the children of Ammon; who very probably joined the Moabites, and were conquered and spoiled at the same time:

and of the Philistines; when Methegammah was taken from them, 2 Samuel 8:1,

and of Amalek; for though we have no account of any war of his with that people, since he was king, yet he doubtless had, and had been victorious and spoiled them; see Psalm 83:7,

and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah; see 2 Samuel 8:3. These conquests of David, are confirmed by the testimony of Eupolemus, an Heathen writer, who says that he overcame the Syrians by Euphrates, and the Assyrians in Galadene (or Gilead), and the Phoenicians; that he fought against the Idumeans (or Edomites), the Ammonites, Moabites, Ituraeans, Nabathaeans, and Nabdaeans; also against Syron king of Tyre and Phoenicia; all of whom he obliged to pay tribute to the JewsF1Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 30. p. 447. .

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-8.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 8:12 Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

Ver. 12. Of Syria, &c.] Rupertus well applieth these seven victories of David recorded in this chapter to those seven vials of wrath and judgments which Christ shall pour upon the beast and others, for contempt of the gospel.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:12". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-8.html. 1865-1868.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Syria. Some codices, with Septuagint and Syriac, read "Edom"

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. App-6.

children = sons.

Amalek. See note on Exodus 17:16.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-8.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

No JFB commentary on this verse.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-8.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(12) Of Syria.—1 Chronicles 18:11 reads Edom. The two names differing in the original only by one very similar letter (the d and r, which are so often confused), it might be supposed that one was an error for the other, were it not that both were actually conquered and the spoils of both dedicated by David, Syria is spoken of here because Edom has not yet been mentioned, and the account of its conquest is given afterwards (2 Samuel 8:14; 1 Kings 11:15-17); while Edom is given in Chron. because the booty from Syria had just before been spoken of particularly. It may be, however, that both names were originally in both places.

Amalek.—This is the only allusion to a war with Amalek after David came to the throne. They had been “utterly destroyed” by Saul (1 Samuel 15); but they were a nation of many tribes, and Saul’s victory can relate to only one branch, since David afterwards inflicted a severe blow upon them (1 Samuel 30), and there is no reason why still other branches of the nation may not have proved troublesome, and been defeated by him at other times.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:12". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-8.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
Syria
10:11,14; 12:26-31; 1 Chronicles 18:11
Reciprocal: Exodus 17:14 - for I will;  Numbers 31:28 - levy;  2 Samuel 8:2 - And so;  2 Samuel 10:6 - Syrians of Bethrehob;  1 Chronicles 4:43 - the rest;  1 Chronicles 20:2 - and he brought;  Psalm 60:1 - when he strove

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-8.html.