Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 8:8

From Betah and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, King David took a very large amount of bronze.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Berothai;   Betah;   Brass;   Hadadezer;   Syria;   Zobah;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Brass, or Copper;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Berothah, Berothai;   Betah, or Tibhath;   Philistines;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Amos, Theology of;   Israel;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Armoury;   Betah;   Chun;   David;   Euphrates;   Hadarezer;   Rabbah;   Rezon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Berothai;   Betah;   Chun;   Euphrates;   Phoenice;   Rezon;   Tibhath;   Zoba;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Berothai;   Betah;   Bronze;   Cun;   Hadad-Ezer;   King, Kingship;   Samuel, Books of;   Syria;   Tibhath;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Berothah, Berothai;   David;   Immanuel;   Samuel, Books of;   Tibhath;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Berothai ;   Betah;   Chun;   Hadadezer ;   Tibhath ;   Zoba, Zobah ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chun;   Dog;   Moab;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Bero'thah;   Be'tah;   Chun,;   Hadade'zer;   Tib'hath;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Berothah;   Berytus;   Betah;   Cun;   David;   Palestine;   Tax;   Tibhath;   Zobah;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Aram-Zobah;   Berothah (Berothai);   Brass;   Hadadezer;   Metals;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Betah and Berothai - These names (see also margin) have not been identified with certainty.

Exceeding much brass - “Wherewith Solomon made the brazen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass” 1 Chronicles 18:8. The Septuagint and Vulgate both add these words here, so that perhaps they have fallen out of the Hebrew text. For the existence of metals in Lebanon or Antilebanon, see Deuteronomy 8:9.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:8". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-8.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer,.... Which, in 1 Chronicles 18:8, are called Tibhath and Chun, they having different names; or their names might be changed upon this conquest of them, and the one might be the names they went by with the Syrians, and the other the Israelites called them by; the latter is the same with Berothah in Ezekiel 47:16; and the Barathena of PtolemyF19Geograph. l. 5. c. 19. , placed by him near Mesopotamia; in the Arabic version of 1 Chronicles 18:8, they are called Emesa and Baalbec, the former was a city of Coele-Syria, the latter was at the foot of Mount Lebanon; See Gill on Amos 1:5,

King David took exceeding much brass; whereby he was furnished and able to give the large quantity he did for the service of the temple, 1 Chronicles 29:7. The Septuagint version adds here what is expressed in 1 Chronicles 18:8,"wherewith Solomon made the brazen sea, and the pillars, and the layers, and all the vessels.'

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-8.html. 1999.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

And from the cities of Betach and Berothai David took very much brass, with which, according to 1 Chronicles 18:8, Solomon made the brazen sea, and the brazen columns and vessels of the temple. The lxx have also interpolated this notice into the text. The name Betach is given as Tibhath in the Chronicles; and for Berothai we have Chun . As the towns themselves are unknown, it cannot be decided with certainty which of the forms and names are the correct and original ones. מבּטח appears to have been written by mistake for מטּבח . This supposition is favoured by the rendering of the lxx, ἐκ τῆς Μετεβάκ ; and by that of the Syriac also (viz., Tebach ). On the other hand, the occurrence of the name Tebah among the sons of Nahor the Aramaean in Genesis 22:24 proves little or nothing, as it is not known that he founded a family which perpetuated his name; nor can anything be inferred from the fact that, according to the more modern maps, there is a town of Tayibeh to the north of Damascus in 35 north lat., as there is very little in common between the names Tayibeh and Tebah . Ewald connects Berothai with the Barathena of Ptol. v. 19 in the neighbourhood of Saba. The connection is a possible one, but it is not sufficiently certain to warrant us in founding any conclusions upon it with regard to the name Chun which occurs in the Chronicles; so that there is no ground whatever for the opinion that it is a corruption of Berothai .

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The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
Bibliographical Information
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:8". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/2-samuel-8.html. 1854-1889.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.

From Betah, … — In1Chronicles18:8, it is, from Tibhath, and from Chun. Either therefore the same cities were called by several names, as is usual, the one by the Hebrews, the other by the Syrians, or those were two other cities, and so the brass was taken out of these four cities.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:8". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-8.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 8:8 And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.

Ver. 8. And from Betah, and from Berothai.] Called afterwards Tibhath and Chun. [1 Chronicles 18:8]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:8". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-8.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations
on the Holy Bible

In 1 Chronicles 18:8, it is from Tibnath and from Chun. Either therefore the same cities were called by several names, as is usual, the one by the Hebrews, the other by the Syrians; or those were two other cities, and so the brass was taken out of these four cities.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:8". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-8.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

8.Betah and Berothai — Places now unknown. The name Berothai seems naturally to point to the ancient Berytus, the modern Beyroot, on the seacoast of northern Phenicia, but this was far away from the line of David’s conquests. Instead of these names we have in Chronicles Tibhath and Chun.

Much brass — “Wherewith Solomon made the brazen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass.” 1 Chronicles 18:8.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:8". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-8.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 8:8. From Betah, &c. — In 1 Chronicles 18:8, it is, from Tibhath, and from Chun. Either therefore the same cities were called by several names, as is usual, the one by the Hebrews, the other by the Syrians; or those were two other cities, and so the brass was taken out of these four cities.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:8". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-8.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Beroth, or Boroe. (Calmet) --- Brass. All for the use of the temple, 1 Paralipomenon xviii. 8. The battle seems to have been fought near Beroth. (Salien)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:8". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-8.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(8) Betah and from Berothai.—There is no satisfactory clue to the situation of these places. For Betah 1 Chronicles 18:8 has Tibhath in the Hebrew, a mere transposition of the letters; and for Berothai, Chun. Berothah is mentioned in Ezekiel 47:16, as on the boundary of Palestine between Hamath and Sibraim. It is said in 1 Chronicles 18:8, that “Solomon made the brazen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass,” of “the exceeding much brass” here captured. The LXX., and from it the Vulgate, has inserted the same notice here. It is very doubtful whether the metal intended was brass (copper and zinc) or simply copper, or, more probably, bronze (copper and tin). Some centuries earlier great quantities of copper were carried from Syria to Egypt.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:8". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-8.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.
Betah
Probably the same as Bathne in Syria, between Beroæea and Hierapolis.
1 Chronicles 18:8
Tibhath, Chun
Berothai. Berothai is probably the Barathena of Ptolemy, which he mentions, along with Sabe, as a city of Arabia Deserta, in the confines of the Palmyrenian district.
exceeding
1 Chronicles 22:14,16; 29:7; 2 Chronicles 4:1-18
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:23 - over his guard;  1 Chronicles 17:8 - I have been;  Psalm 68:30 - every;  Ezekiel 47:16 - Berothah

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-8.html.