Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 8:9

Now when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Hadadezer;   Hamath;   Joram;   Syria;   Toi;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Hamath;   Philistines;   Toi;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Hamath;   Syria;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Amos, Theology of;   Israel;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Armoury;   David;   Euphrates;   Hadarezer;   Rabbah;   Toi;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Hamath;   Toi;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Aramean;   Hadad-Ezer;   Hamath;   King, Kingship;   Orontes;   Samuel, Books of;   Syria;   Toi;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Betah;   David;   Hadoram;   Hamath;   Samuel, Books of;   Tob;   Tou;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Wandering Stars;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Hadadezer ;   Toi ;   Zoba, Zobah ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hamath;   Moab;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Hadade'zer;   Ha'math;   To'i;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Hamath;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Hadoram;   Hamath;   Palestine;   Tou;   Zobah;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Hadadezer;   Hadoram;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Toi king of Hamath - Hamath is supposed to be the famous city of Emesa, situated on the Orontes, in Syria. This was contiguous to

Hadadezer; and led him to wage war with Toi, that he might get possession of his territories. For a comparison of the 10th verse, see 1 Chronicles 18:9.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-8.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Hamath - This appears as an independent kingdom so late as the time of Senacherib Isaiah 37:13. But in the time of Nebuchadnezzar, both Hamath and Arpad appear to have been incorporated in the kingdom of Damascus Jeremiah 49:23.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-8.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

DAVID'S DOMAIN WAS EXTENDED STILL FURTHER

"When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the whole army of Hadadezer, Toi sent his son Joram to King David, to greet him, and to congratulate him because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him; for Hadadezer had often been at war with Toi. And Joram brought with him articles of silver, of gold, and of bronze; these also King David dedicated to the Lord, together with the silver and gold which he dedicated from all the nations he subdued, from Edom, Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines, Amalek, and from the spoil of Hadadezer, king of Zobab."

"Toi, king of Hamath" (2 Samuel 8:9). Hamath was the northeastern bastion of the Solomonic Empire (2 Kings 14:25). Until the times of David, "It was the principal city of upper Syria, situated in the valley of the Orontes River. The people of Hamath were descendants of Ham and Canaan (Genesis 10:18)."[14] Significantly, David did not have to fight to make Hamath tributary, because they readily consented to pay tribute out of gratitude for David's defeat of their traditional enemy Hadadezer.

"Present-day interest in Hamath derives from the fact that capital city of the Hittites, a race whose very existence until recently was doubted in spite of the clear testimony of the Bible; but whose marvelous empire has been lately proved historical by Egyptian records and by cuneiform inscriptions."[15]

"These also King David dedicated to the Lord" (2 Samuel 8:11). All of the great stores of gold, silver, bronze and other precious articles which David appropriated from the nations which he subdued were "dedicated to the Lord." There is little doubt that David, in these actions, was storing up the great wealth with which Solomon would construct that temple which God had forbidden David to build.

"And Joram brought with him articles of silver, of gold, and of bronze" (2 Samuel 8:10). R. P. Smith interpreted the following verses from the Psalms as David's joyful feelings about this mission from Toi.[16]

Thou didst deliver me from strife with the peoples;

Thou didst make me the head of the nations;

People whom I had not known served me.

As soon as they heard of me, they obeyed me;

Foreigners came cringing to me (Psalms 18:43-44).

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-8.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

When Toi king of Hamath,.... Which was another small kingdom in Syria, perhaps lately erected to defend themselves against Hadadezer, and this the first king of it, at least the first we hear of; his name is Tou in 1 Chronicles 18:9; where in the Targum he is called king of Antioch. Hamath lay to the north of the land of Canaan; See Gill on Numbers 34:8, it is saidF20Cartwright's Preacher's Travels, p. 6. to be three days' journey from Tripoli, and that it stands in the midway to Aleppo, on a very goodly plain, replenished with corn and cotton wool, but very much in ruins, and falls more and more to decay: at this day (says my author, who travelled in those parts in the beginning of the seventeenth century) there is scarce one half of the wall standing, which hath been very fair and strong. The king of this place

heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer; the news of which soon reached him, he being in the neighbourhood.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-8.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Toi king of Hamath — Coele-Syria; northwards, it extended to the city Hamath on the Orontes, which was the capital of the country. The Syrian prince, being delivered from the dread of a dangerous neighbor, sent his son with valuable presents to David to congratulate him on his victories, and solicit his alliance and protection.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-8.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 8:9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

Ver. 9. When Toi king of Hamath.] Called afterwards Antiochia, as the Chaldee Paraphrast hath it, of King Antiochus; as Methegammah or Gath, [2 Samuel 8:1] was called Diocaesarea.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-8.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations
on the Holy Bible

Hamath; another eminent city of Syria.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-8.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

9.Hamath — A very ancient city of Syria situated on the Orontes river, about sixty miles southeast of Antioch. See on Numbers 13:21, and Joshua 13:5. Its king was glad to have David for an ally.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-8.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Emath, or Emesa. Its king, Thou, being alarmed at the ambition of his neighbour Adarezer, (Calmet) was pleased with the victories of a prince from whom he thought he had less to fear, as the lived at a greater distance. (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-8.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Toi. Septuagint and Vulgate read "Tou" throughout. Compare 1 Chronicles 18:9. He was a Hittite king.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-8.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

Toi king of Hamath - Coele-Syria. Northwards it extended to the city Hamath, on the Orontes, which was the capital of the country. The Syrian prince, being delivered from the dread of a dangerous neighbour, sent his son with valuable presents to David, to congratulate him on his victories, and solicit his alliance and protection.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-8.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(9) Toi king of Hamath.—The Vatican LXX. has the name, in accordance with Chron., Tau. Hamath, the capital of the kingdom of the same name, was situated on the Orontes. According to 1 Chronicles 18:3. David’s victory was on the borders of this kingdom. It was tributary to Solomon (1 Kings 4:24, 2 Chronicles 8:3-4), subsequently became independent, and was recovered by Jeroboam II. (2 Kings 14:28), and was finally captured by Assyria (2 Kings 19:13). It is described as “the great” by Amos (6:2), and a considerable town still occupies its site.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-8.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
Toi
1 Chronicles 18:9
Tou
Hamath.
Amos 6:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 10:18 - Hamathite;  Numbers 13:21 - Hamath;  Numbers 34:8 - the entrance;  2 Kings 18:34 - the gods;  Isaiah 10:9 - Hamath;  Isaiah 36:19 - Hamath;  Jeremiah 39:5 - Hamath;  Jeremiah 49:23 - Hamath;  Jeremiah 52:27 - Riblah

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-8.html.