Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Galatians 5:21

envying, drunkenness, carousing, and things like these, of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.
New American Standard Version

Adam Clarke Commentary

Envyings - Φθονοι· "Pain felt, and malignity conceived, at the sight of excellence or happiness." A passion the most base and the least curable of all that disgrace or degrade the fallen soul. See on Romans 13:13; (note)

Murders - Φονοι· Similarity of sound to the preceding seems to have suggested the word in this association; it is wanting in several MSS. Murder signifies the destruction of human life; and as he who hates his brother in his heart is ready to take away his life, so he is called a murderer. After all the casuistry of man, it does not appear that the right of taking away a human life on any pretense, except for the crime of murder belongs to any but the Maker and Judge of all men.

Drunkenness - Μεθαι· Taking more wine or any kind of inebriating liquor than is necessary for health; whatever unfits for public, domestic, or spiritual duties; even the cares of the world, when they intoxicate the mind. See on Romans 13:13; (note).

Revellings - Κωμοι· Lascivious feastings, with obscene songs, music, etc. See on Romans 13:13; (note).

And such like - Και τα ὁμοια τουτοις· All that proceeds from the evil passions of a fallen spirit, besides those above specified; and all that the law of God specifies and condemns.

Of the which I tell you before - When I first preached the Gospel to you.

As I have also told you in time past - When I paid my second visit to you; for the apostle did visit them twice. See Acts 16:6; Acts 18:23; and see preface.

Shall not inherit - They are not children of God, and therefore cannot inherit the kingdom which belongs only to the children of the Divine family.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/galatians-5.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Envyings - see the note at 2 Corinthians 12:20.

Revellings - 2 Corinthians 12:20, note; Romans 13:13, note.

And such like - This class of evils, without attempting to specify all.

Of which I tell you before - In regard to which I forewarn you.

As I have also told you in time past - When he was with them.

Shall not inherit the kingdom of God - Cannot possibly be saved; see the notes at 1 Corinthians 6:9-11. In regard to this passage, we may remark:

(1) That it furnishes the most striking and unanswerable proof of human depravity. Paul represents these things as “the works of the flesh,” the works of the unrenewed nature of man. They are such as human nature, when left to itself, everywhere produces. The world shows that such is the fact; and we cannot but ask, is a nature producing this to be regarded as pure? Is man an unfallen being? Can he save himself? Does he need no Saviour?

(2) this passage is full of fearful admonition to those who indulge in any or all of these vices. Paul, inspired of God, has solemnly declared, that such cannot be saved. They cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven as they are. Nor is it desirable that they should. What would heaven be if filled up with adulterers, and fornicators, and idolaters, with the proud and envious, and with murderers, and drunkards? To call such a place heaven, would be an abuse of the word. No one could wish to dwell there; and such people cannot enter into heaven.

(3) the human heart must be changed, or man cannot be saved. This follows of course. If such is its tendency, then there is a necessity for such a change as that in regeneration, in order that man may be happy and be saved.

(4) we should rejoice that such people cannot, with their present characters, be admitted to heaven. We should rejoice that there is one world where these vices are unknown, a world of perfect and eternal purity. When we look at the earth; when we see how these vices prevail; when we reflect that every land is polluted, and that we cannot traverse a continent or an island, visit a nook or corner of the earth, dwell in any city or town, where these vices do not exist, O how refreshing and invigorating is it to look forward to a pure heaven! How cheering the thought that there is one world where these vices are unknown; one world, all whose ample plains may be traversed, and the note of blasphemy shall never fall on the ear; one world, where virtue shall be safe from the arts of the seducer; one world where we may forever dwell, and not one reeling and staggering drunkard shall ever be seen; where there shall be not one family in want and tears from the vice of its unfaithful head! With what joy should we look forward to that world! With what ardor should we pant that it may be our own!

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/galatians-5.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

Galatians 5:21

That they which do such things shall not inherit the Kingdom of God.

Sin’s dominion fatal to the soul

It is not said: They that do such things daily; for even though one does any such thing only now and then, on certain occasions, yea even only once, but voluntarily, he forfeits the Kingdom of God, so long as he remains under the dominion of this work of the flesh. Nor is it said: They that do all this. It is not needful for a man to do all these sins, or many such, to fall under the penalty; it is enough if he lets one single sin rule over him, let it be what it will. Now it rules over him, not only while he is committing it, but so long as the purpose never to commit it again is not fully fixed They shall not only not procure eternal life by their works of the flesh (as may well be supposed), but, if they set their hopes, not upon earning eternal life by their works, but receiving it as a gift to be received by faith, they will not, leading a dissolute life, inherit it any more than earn it. Such a man inherits not the kingdom of grace, still less the kingdom of glory, even though his funeral sermon extols him as blessed. (Starke.)

Shall not inherit the Kingdom of God

I. What is the Kingdom of God? Twofold.

1. Of grace (Matthew 5:19-20).

2. Glory (Matthew 18:1; Matthew 18:3; Matthew 19:23). Where

II. How it appears that the vicious cannot inherit it.

1. From the Word of God (Ephesians 5:5; 1 Corinthians 6:9-10; Hebrews 12:14).

2. The rules of justice.

3. The conclusions of reason; because not capable. (Bishop Beveridge.)

Heaven will be inherited by every man who has heaven in his soul: it is equally true that there are materials enough in every man’s mind to make a hell. (H. W. Beecher.)

Sin cuts men off from God

Were a cup of pleasant wine put into your hands, and you knew for certain that a deadly poison was mixed up with the wine, which would rack you with the fiercest pains, and ere long tear soul and body in sunder, who would drink it?--who would not dash it from him forthwith? Yet, if we had but faith, we should know and feel that sin is deadlier than the deadliest poison, that it racks us with fiercer pains, and gives us over to a more terrible dissolution; for it cuts us off from God--from Him who is the only source of all blessing and peace. (Hare.)

Sin and death

The tale of the goblet, which the genius of a heathen fashioned, was true; and taught a moral of which many a death-bed furnishes the melancholy illustration. Having made the model of a serpent, he fixed it in the bottom of a cup. Coiled for the spring, a pair of gleaming eyes in its head, and in its open mouth fangs raised to strike, it lay beneath the ruby wine. Nor did he who raised that golden cup to quench his thirst, and quaff the delicious draught, suspect what lay below, till, as he reached the dregs, that dreadful head rose up and glistened before his eyes. So, when life’s cup is nearly emptied, and sin’s last pleasure quaffed, and unwilling lips are draining the bitter dregs, shall rise the ghastly terrors of remorse, and death, and judgment, upon the despairing soul. Be assured, a serpent lurks at the bottom of guilt’s sweetest pleasure. To this awful truth may God, by His Word and Holy Spirit, open your eyes! (T. Guthrie, D. D.)

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Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "Galatians 5:21". The Biblical Illustrator. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/galatians-5.html. 1905-1909. New York.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Envyings..... Uneasy distressing tortures of the mind, grieving at the good of others, that any should be in an equal, or in a better condition than themselves:

murders, destroying of men's lives, which is often the consequence of the above evils:

drunkenness; excess in drinking of wine or strong drink, whereby the stomach is overcharged, the mind is intoxicated, and the body enfeebled and unable to perform its office; this is often the source of many, or all of the works of the flesh before mentioned:

revellings; excess in feed, nocturnal riotings in eating, drinking, dancing, singing, chambering and wantonness. The Syriac version renders it, זמרא, "lascivious singing"; and the Arabic version, "songs" which are a part of the nightly revels: and such like which are of the same nature and kind; so the apostle shuts up the account, it being too tedious to give an enumeration of all the works of the flesh; nor was it necessary, judgment may be made of the rest by these; nor might it be so proper, since the carnal heart is but the more pleased with, and irritated by, the mention of evil things:

of the which I tell you before: before the judge comes and the awful judgment proceeds, when these will all be made manifest, and every man will be judged according to his works: this the apostle did, as putting them in mind of the evil nature of these things, and assuring them of the bad consequences that would follow, if grace prevented not:

as I have also told you in time past; when he first preached among them, and warned them to flee from the wrath to come; he then laid before them the evil nature of these things, the dreadful effects of them, and showed that there was no salvation from them, but by Christ:

and that they which do such things, shall not inherit the kingdom of God; by which is meant the heavenly glory, called a "kingdom", because of the grandeur and magnificence of that state; and "of God", because it is of his preparing and giving, what he calls his own to by his grace, and puts them into the possession of and where he reigns and will reign for ever, and show forth the glory of his majesty: this is possessed in way of inheritance, which shows it to be a bequest of our heavenly Father's, a free grace gift of his, and not to be obtained by the works of the law, or merits of men; but what belongs, and is peculiar to the children of God, who are so by adopting grace: now they that do such works of the flesh as before enumerated; that is, that live in the commission of these things, whose whole lives are employed in such work, living and dying in such a state, without repentance towards God and faith in Christ, shall never enjoy eternal life and happiness; though such who have done these things, being brought to a sense of them, and to the blood and righteousness of Christ for pardon and justification, for life and salvation; such, notwithstanding the works of the flesh done by them, shall, through the free grace of God, and the propitiatory sacrifice of Christ, inherit the kingdom and glory of God.

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Gill, John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/galatians-5.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

before — namely, before the event.

I  …  told you in time past — when I was with you.

you — who, though maintaining justification by the law, are careless about keeping the law (Romans 2:21-23).

not inherit  …  kingdom of God — (1 Corinthians 6:9, 1 Corinthians 6:10; Ephesians 5:5).

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/galatians-5.html. 1871-8.

Martin Luther's Commentary on Galatians

Of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in the past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
This is a hard saying, but very necessary for those false Christians and hypocrites who speak much about the Gospel, about faith, and the Spirit, yet live after the flesh. But this hard sentence is directed chiefly at the heretics who are large with their own self-importance, that they may be frightened into taking up the fight of the Spirit against the flesh.

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Luther, Martin. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "Martin Luther's Commentary on Galatians". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/mlg/galatians-5.html. Zondervan. Gand Rapids, MI. 1939.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Forewarn (προλεγωprolegō) - did forewarn (προειπονproeipon). Paul repeats his warning given while with them. He did his duty then. Gentile churches were peculiarly subject to these sins. But who is not in danger from them?

Practise (πρασσοντεςprassontes). ΠρασσωPrassō is the verb for habitual practice (our very word, in fact), not ποιεωpoieō for occasional doing. The habit of these sins is proof that one is not in the Kingdom of God and will not inherit it.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/galatians-5.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Murders

Omit from the text.

Revelings ( κῶμοι )

Comp. Romans 13:13; 1 Peter 4:3. In both passages coupled with drunkenness as here. See on 1 Peter 4:3.

I tell you before ( προλέγω )

Better beforehand, or as Rev. I forewarn you. PoComp. 2 Corinthians 13:2; 1 Thessalonians 3:4.

The kingdom of God

See on Luke 6:20.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/galatians-5.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

Revellings — Luxurious entertainments. Some of the works here mentioned are wrought principally, if not entirely, in the mind; and yet they are called "works of the flesh." Hence it is clear, the apostle does not by "the flesh" mean the body, or sensual appetites and inclinations only, but the corruption of human nature, as it spreads through all the powers of the soul, as well as all the members of the body.

Of which I tell you before — Before the event, I forewarn you.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/galatians-5.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Предваряю вас. Этим суровым предупреждением апостол хочет не только устрашить галатов, но и косвенно обуздать лжеапостолов, отложивших в сторону полезное учение и споривших об обрядах. Одновременно он учит нас своим примером быть настойчивыми в увещеваниях и угрозах подобного рода, согласно отрывку из Исаии (58:1): возопи, не умолкай, возвести народу моему преступления его. Когда все, живущие по плоти, исключаются из Царствия Божия, что можно сказать более страшного? Кто посмеет считать легкими те пороки, которыми гнушается Сам Бог? Однако, кажется, что таким образом апостол лишает спасения всех людей. Ибо найдется ли человек, не страдающий в той или иной степени от этих пороков? Отвечаю: Павел угрожает исключением из Царствия Божия не всем грешникам, а лишь тем, кто остается таковым и не кается. Ведь и святые иногда тяжко согрешают, однако же они возвращаются на правильный путь. Итак, они не входят в этот перечень, поелику не потакают самим себе. Наконец, все угрозы божественного суда призывают нас к покаянию, для которого у Бога всегда найдется прощение. Однако эти же угрозы будут свидетельствовать против нас, если мы продолжим упорствовать. Вместо слова «наследовать» у Павла стоит κληρονομειν, означающее обретать что-то по праву наследства. Ибо получаем мы вечную жизнь не иначе, как по праву своего усыновления, о чем будет сказано в другом месте.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/galatians-5.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

Ver. 21. Murders, drunkenness] This is often the mother of murder. Domitius, the father of Nero, slew Liberius, an honest man, because he refused to drink so much as he commanded him. (Sueton.) Alexander killed many of his dear friends in his drunkenness, whom he would have revived again (but could not) with his own heartblood. Once he invited a company to supper, and provided a crown of 180 pounds to be given to those that drank most. One and forty killed themselves with drinking to get that crown. Mr Samuel Ward in his Woe to Drunkards maketh mention of many brought by this swinish sin to untimely shameful ends in a brutish and bestial manner; among the rest, one of Aylesham in Norfolk, a notorious drunkard, drowned in a shallow brook of water with his horse by him. The like whereunto has occured in the place where I now live, this instant November 14th, A. D. 1650. At a blind clandestine alehouse, a company of odious drunkards having drunk all the three outs (that is, ale out of the pot, money out of the purse, and wit out of the head), one of them, making homeward, was drowned in a shallow ditch, his body not yet buried: upon his soul I pass no definitive sentence; but what hope can we comfortably conceive of such? Another of the same crew (rebuked by his father at the same time for his ill husbandry) swore he would hang himself; which also he did presently, and had perished by his own hands, had not his father come seasonably and cut the halter. Oh, these ale houses! the pest houses of our nation, the very sinks and sources of all villany.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/galatians-5.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Galatians 5:21. Revellings, Κωμοι, or revellings, among the Greeks, were a disorderly spending of the night in feastings, with a licentious indulging in wine, good cheer, music, dancing, &c. See Romans 13:13. 1 Peter 4:3.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/galatians-5.html. 1801-1803.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

21. φθόν., ( φόν.)] see Romans 1:29, where we have the same alliteration.

ἃ προλ.] The construction of is exactly as John 8:54, ὃν ὑμεῖς λέγετε ὅτι θεὸς ὑμῶν ἐστιν:—it is governed, but only as matter of reference, by προλέγω,—not to be joined by attraction with πράσσοντες, as Olsh., al.

προλ. κ. προεῖπον] I forewarn you (now), and did forewarn you (when I was with you): the προ- in both cases pointing on to the great day of retribution.

τὰ τοιαῦτα] The article generalizes τοιαῦτα, the things of this kind, i.e. all such things. See Ellic.’s note.

βασ. θ. οὐ κλ.] See reff.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/galatians-5.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Galatians 5:21. φθόνοι, φόνοι] paronomasia, as in Romans 1:29; Eur. Troad. 736.

κῶμοι] revellings, comissationes, especially at night; Herm. Privatalterth. § 17. 29. Comp. Romans 13:13; 1 Peter 4:3; Plat. Theaet. p. 173 D: δεῖπνα καὶ σὺν αὐλητρίσι κῶμοι. Symp. p. 212 C Isaeus, p. 39. 21: κῶμοι καὶ ἀσέλγεια. Herod. i. 21: πίνειν κ. κώμῳ χρέεσθαι ἐς ἀλλήλους. Jacobs, Del. epigr. iv. 43: κώμου κ. πάσης κοίρανε παννυχίδος.

καὶ τὰ ὅμοια τούτοις] and the things which are similar to these (the whole matters mentioned in Galatians 5:20-21). “Addit et iis similia, quia quis omnem lernam carnalis vitae recenseat?” Luther, 1519.

The προ in προλέγω and προεῖπον is the beforehand in reference to the future realization (Herod. i. 53, vii. 116; Lucian. Jov. Trag. 30; Polyb. vi. 3. 2) at the παρουσία; and the past προεῖπον reminds the readers of the instructions and warnings orally given to them, the tenor of which justifies us in thinking that he is referring to the first and second sojourn in Galatia.

πράσσοντες] those who practise such things; but in Galatians 5:17 ποιῆτε: ye do. See on Romans 1:32; John 3:20.

βασιλείαν θεοῦ οὐ κληρονομ.] Comp. 1 Corinthians 6:9 f., 1 Corinthians 15:50; Ephesians 5:5; James 2:5; and generally, Romans 6:8 ff. Sins of this kind, therefore, exclude the Christian from the kingdom of the Messiah, and cause him to incur condemnation, unless by μετάνοια he again enters into the life of faith, and so by renewed faith appropriates forgiveness (2 Corinthians 7:9-10; Romans 8:34; 1 John 2:1 f.; observe the present participle). For the having been reconciled by faith is the preliminary condition of the new holy life (Romans 6), and therefore does not cancel responsibility in the judgment (2 Corinthians 5:10; Romans 14:10).

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/galatians-5.html. 1832.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations
on the Holy Bible

Envyings; repinings at that good which is enjoyed by our brethren:

murders; unjust taking away the lives of others, with any actions tending or subservient thereunto: drunkenness; immoderate drinkings:

revellings, and such like; immoderate eatings; all abuses of the creatures of God beyond necessity, or a moderate delight.

Of the which I tell you before; I tell you of it before the day of judgment comes, when you will find that which I tell you to be truth.

As I have also told you in time past; as you know I have in my preaching to you in times past told you.

That they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God; that they who ordinarily do these things, and do not only live in such practices, but die without repentance for them, shall never be saved: see 1 Corinthians 6:9,10 Re 21:7,8.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/galatians-5.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

пьянство, бесчинство Возможно, имеются в виду оргии, характерные для языческих, идолопоклоннических культов. В целом же речь идет о всяком грубом, буйном поведении.

поступающие Это ключевое слово в предупреждении Павла. Значение переведенного так с греч. глагола предполагает постоянное, привычное действие. Хотя верующие, несомненно, могут совершать такие грехи, но люди, у которых основное качество складывается из непрекращающихся и нераскаянных действий, не могут принадлежать Богу (см. пояснения к 1Кор. 6:11; 1Ин. 3:4-10).

Царствия Божия не наследуют См. пояснение к Мф. 5:3. Невозрожденным закрыт вход в духовное царство искупленных людей, которыми ныне управляет Христос, и они не войдут в Его Тысячелетнее Царство и лишатся следующего за ним вечного благословения. См. пояснение к Еф. 5:5.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/galatians-5.html.

John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians

Galatians 5:21. φθόνοι, φόνοι—“Envyings, murders.” The second term φόνοι is omitted in B, א, several cursives and fathers, Jerome; but it is found in A, C, D, F, G, K, L, majority of MSS., and in the Latin and Syriac versions. It is admitted by Lachmann, but rejected as doubtful by Tischendorf. The omission was probably owing to the similarity of sound (Gleichklang); but the paronomasia is in the apostle's style. Romans 1:29, φθόνου, φόνου; Winer, § 68; φθόνου, φόνου τε, Eurip. Troades, 770-1; Bötticher, de Paronom. Lipsiae 1828.

φθόνος-envy-is the desire to appropriate what another possesses. It has no redeeming feature about it: ἐπιεικές ἐστιν ὁ ζῆλος καὶ ἐπιεικῶν, τὸ δὲ φθονεῖν φαῦλον καὶ φαύλων, Arist. Rhet. 2.9, 10; or πρῶτον μὲν ζῆλος ἀπὸ ζήλου δὲ φθόνος, Plato, Men. 242; Trench, Synon. 1st ser. p. 99.

φόνοι—“murders”-the sudden or the deliberate sacrifice of any human life that stands in the way of self-advancement, or it may be a deed of vengeance.

΄έθαι, κῶμοι—“drunkenness, carousals.” “Drunkenessis, immesurable etyngis” (Wycliffe); “ebrieties, commessations” (Rheims); “dronkenes, glottony” (Genevan). The last Greek term is the more comprehensive one. Judith 13:15, ἐν ταῖς μέθαις αὐτοῦ. In Romans 13:13 the words are joined; also in Dio Cassius, οὐδὲν ἄλλο ἢ μέθαι τε καὶ κῶμοι, p. 272, Opera, vol. ii. ed. Bekker. The second term-in Latin comissationes-is described by Hesychius as being ἀσελγῆ ᾄσματα, πορνικά, συμπόσια, ᾠδαί. So Plato, Theaet. 173, D Herod. 1.121. See Becker's Charicles, vi., and Gallus, x. Compare Isaiah 5:11-12, Amos 6:4-6, 1 Thessalonians 5:7, 1 Peter 4:3.

And not only these sins, but-

καὶ τὰ ὅμοια τούτοις—“and such like.” Luther says-addit et iis similia quia quis omnem lernam carnalis vitae recenseat? Ed. 1519.

These works of the flesh have been often divided into four classes. Any classification or system, however, is scarcely to be expected; but each term of the catalogue may have been suggested by some law of association, especially as some of the terms are similarly arranged in other places. In the first class are sensual sins-fornication, impurity, wantonness; in the second class are sins of superstition-idolatry and sorcery; in the third class, sins of malice and social disorder-hatred, strife, jealousy, wraths, caballing, divisions, heresies, envying, murders; and in the fourth class are sins of personal excess-drunkenness and revellings. In the first class, the first term, which has a distinct meaning, may have suggested the other and allied vices-miscellaneous and grosser aspects of forbidden indulgence. The two terms of the second class are somewhat similar,-the first more precise in meaning, and the second more comprehensive-all occult dealings with the powers of evil. In the third class there is a climactic enumeration-hatreds ripening into strife; jealousy venting itself in passionate outbursts; cabals yet darker and more selfish; divisions, the result of deepening hostility; envyings quite fiendish in nature; and murders-the extreme result, and no uncommon thing in such countries, to obtain an end and consummate an intrigue by the removal of a rival. In the fourth class are first the simple term drunkenness, and the more inclusive term after it, referring either to scenes of dissipation so gay and wanton, or to orgies so gross and sensual, that they may not be described; and the terms stand each in its own prominence, unconnected by any particle,-an asyndeton common before such phrases as τὰ τοιαῦτα, οἱ ἄλλοι. Jelf, § 792, 2.

῝α προλέγω ὑμῖν, καθὼς καὶ προεῖπον—“concerning which I tell you before, as also I did foretell you.” Engl. Ver.: “as I have also told you in time past.” The καί is not in B, F, א1, nor in the Vulgate, and is bracketed by Lachmann; but it is retained on the authority of A, C, D, K, L, א4, almost all MSS., and the majority of versions. The is not governed by πράσσοντες (Olshausen, Schott), but by προλέγω, as an accusative of contents (Inhalt), and may be resolved by “was anbetrifft”-quod attinet ad ea quae. Scheuerlein, p. 55; Thucyd. 2.62, and Poppo's note. The anacoluthon and the position of the relative, used in a sense absolutely, emphasize it. John 8:54. The προ in both verbs is “beforehand”-not before they come to light (Matthies); nor does the προ in προεῖπον mean “already” (Baumgarten-Crusius), but before the event, 1 Thessalonians 3:4, or the day of retribution. He gives them a present forewarning, ere it is too late; and this was by no means the first warning he had given them—“as also I did foretell you;” that is, when he had been with them; both during his first and second sojourn, he had forewarned them as he now is writing to them. The theme of forewarning then and now was-

῞οτι οἳ τὰ τοιαῦτα πράσσοντες βασιλείαν θεοῦ οὐ κληρονομήσουσι—“that they who are doing such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.” The contents of the προλέγω are prefaced by ὅτι, and described by τὰ τοιαῦτα-such things as these-the sins referred to and all similar sins, the article τά specifying the things as a class; “de toto genere eorum qui tales sunt, usurpatur.” Kühner, Xen. Mem. 1.5, 2. The verb ποιεῖν and πράσσειν may sometimes be distinguished, as John 3:20-21; Xen. Mem. 2.9, 4; but as, with these exceptions and John 5:29, the verb occurs only in Luke and Paul, and characterizes their style, it would be wrong to lay any stress on its use. The persons described are they who are doing and continuing to do such things, and are not λυπηθέντες εἰς μετάνοιαν-they shall not inherit the kingdom of God. 2 Corinthians 5:10; Romans 14:10. They prove by their perseverance in such practices that they are not led by the Spirit; that they are not justified through faith; that they are not children, and therefore not heirs of the promise: 1 Corinthians 6:9-10. See under Ephesians 5:4. Heaven, according to the popular adage, is a prepared place for a prepared people. The kingdom of Christ exists on earth, with Him as its Head and Defence, and only those who are qualified, through a change inwrought and sustained by His Spirit, are admitted into it in its ultimate and glorious form in heaven. The inheritor of the kingdom must be brought into congenial harmony with its occupations and enjoyments. They “which do such things” prove their want of meetness “for the inheritance of the saints in light,” and therefore cannot enter it; it has no attraction for them, and they could find no enjoyment in it. See under Colossians 1:12.

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Eadie, John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians and Colossians. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/jec/galatians-5.html.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Galatians 5:21. Of which I forewarn you, as I did tell you before, on my former visits (Galatians 1:9; Galatians 4:13; Galatians 4:16), when I preached to you the gospel which is death to all forms of immorality, and demands conformity to the holy character of Christ. They who do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God, unless they be converted and sanctified. A hard and terrible word, yet most true (comp. 1 Corinthians 6:9-10; 1 Corinthians 15:50; Revelation 22:15). Heaven is the abode of absolute purity, and nothing unclean can enter therein. ‘Without sanctification no man shall see the Lord.’ Hebrews 12:14.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/galatians-5.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Galatians 5:21. . No particular admonition is here specified: warnings against these sins had, of course, formed the staple of many former discourses.

The Epistle has already claimed for Christians the inheritance of sons. That this inheritance included a kingdom needed no proof; for the conception of a Messianic kingdom ran through Hebrew prophecy and covered the whole range of Gospel teaching.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/galatians-5.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Envyings. See Romans 1:29.

drunkenness. See Luke 21:34.

revellings. Literally Comus banquets. Greek. komas (Chemosh of O.T.) See Romans 13:13, In this list two sins, idolatry and witchcraft, involve traffic with the powers of evil.

have, &c. = told you before also,

do = practise,

inherit. Greek. kleronomeo. Compare 1 Corinthians 6:9,

kingdom. See App-114.

God. App-98.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/galatians-5.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(21) Murders.—There is considerable doubt as to whether this word ought to stand in the text. It is wanting in the two oldest MSS. and in some other good authorities. Internal considerations may be made to tell either for its omission or for its retention.

I tell you before.—I foretell (or, forewarn) you; I tell you before the event proves my words to be true—i.e., before the day of judgment.

As I have also told you in time past.—As I also told you before. The idea is the same as that in the last phrase. In the Greek all that corresponds to “in time past” is the use of the past tense. The occasion appears to have been on St. Paul’s last or second visit to Galatia.

The kingdom of God.—The Messianic kingdom; so called frequently in the Gospels (especially the second and third), and also by St. Paul in 1 Corinthians 6:9-10; 1 Corinthians 15:50.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/galatians-5.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
drunkenness
Deuteronomy 21:20; Luke 21:34; Romans 13:13; 1 Corinthians 5:11; 6:10; Ephesians 5:18; 1 Thessalonians 5:7
revellings
1 Peter 4:3
that they
Isaiah 3:11; Romans 2:8,9; 8:13; 1 Corinthians 6:9,10; Ephesians 5:5,6; Colossians 3:6; Revelation 21:27; Revelation 22:15
inherit
Matthew 25:34; 1 Corinthians 6:10; 15:50; Ephesians 5:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 9:21 - and was;  Genesis 30:1 - Rachel envied;  Genesis 37:11 - envied;  Exodus 20:13 - GeneralPsalm 37:1 - neither;  Proverbs 3:31 - Envy;  Proverbs 20:1 - GeneralProverbs 23:21 - the drunkard;  Isaiah 5:11 - rise;  Mark 7:13 - such;  Luke 9:46 - GeneralJohn 3:26 - he that;  Acts 5:17 - indignation;  Acts 13:45 - they;  Acts 17:5 - moved;  1 Corinthians 13:4 - envieth;  Philippians 2:3 - nothing;  Philippians 3:18 - I have;  1 Thessalonians 4:6 - as we;  2 Thessalonians 2:5 - when;  1 Timothy 1:9 - manslayers;  1 Timothy 6:4 - words;  Hebrews 13:4 - and the bed;  James 1:19 - slow to wrath;  James 3:14 - if;  1 Peter 2:1 - envies;  1 John 3:15 - hath

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/galatians-5.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

21.Envyings—Distinguished from emulation. The latter is a desire to equal or excel another; the former to reduce another below ourselves.

Murder—The completion of all the previous malignities. Next follow the indulgences of appetite.

Revellings—Inclusive of drinking, feasting, dancing, etc. And here we record our testimony against all dancing, even in private circles. It is a branch of a whole system of connected revelry, just as card playing is a branch of a whole connected system of venture and gambling. Precisely to the degree that these prevail, especially with the connivance of the Christian Church, will frivolity, gliding into revelry, extravagance, and irreligion, prevail. It is never conducive to health, and in the best sanitary institutions is not practised.

Told you in time past— Referring, doubtless, to his testimonies in his earlier preaching in Galatia. They had been warned already in vocal announcement; they are now warned in recorded testimony. It is a deep and solemn warning.

Inherit— Note on 1 Corinthians 6:9.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/galatians-5.html. 1874-1909.

The Bible Study New Testament

21. Envious. The success of others makes them unhappy. Get drunk. Drunkenness has always been a sin. Have orgies. Drunken dancing that leads to immoral actions and the attitude of indecency. Those who do these things. Part of the preaching of the Good News, was this warning that those who continue to rebel against God by doing such things as these will have no part in the Eternal Kingdom!!!

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/galatians-5.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

21.Of which I tell you before. By this awful threatening he intended not only to alarm the Galatians, but likewise to glance indirectly at the false apostles, who had laid aside the far more valuable instruction, and spent their time in disputing about ceremonies. He instructs us, by his example, to press those exhortations and threatenings, agreeably to the words of the prophet,

“Cry aloud, spare not; proclaim to my people their sins.”
(
Isaiah 58:1)

What can be conceived more dreadful than that men should walk after the flesh, and shut themselves out from the kingdom of God? Who will dare to treat lightly the “abominable things which God hates?” (Jeremiah 44:4.)

But in this way, we shall be told, all are cut off from the hope of salvation; for who is there that is not chargeable with some of those sins? I reply, Paul does not threaten that all who have sinned, but that all who remain impenitent, shall be excluded from the kingdom of God. The saints themselves often fall into grievous sins, but they return to the path of righteousness, “that which they do they allow not,” (Romans 7:15,) and therefore they are not included in this catalogue. All threatenings of the judgments of God call us to repentance. They are accompanied by a promise that those who repent will obtain forgiveness; but if we continue obstinate, they remain as a testimony from heaven against us.

They who do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. The word κληρονομεῖν signifies to possess by hereditary right; for by no right but that of adoption, as we have seen in other passages, do we obtain eternal life.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Galatians 5:21". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/galatians-5.html. 1840-57.