Historical Writings

Today in Christian History

Tuesday, July 17

431
The Council of Ephesus adjourned. This third of the 21 ecumenical councils of theChurch condemned Nestorianism and Pelagianism, and defined Mary's title as 'theotokos'('Bearer of God').
1203
During the Fourth Crusade, a two-pronged Venetian and French assault captures the towers of Constantinople. The usurper Alexius III flees the city.
1429
Charles VII of France is crowned at Rheims, largely as a result of the inspiring efforts of Joan of Arc.
1505
Twenty-one-year-old future church reformer, Martin Luther entered the Augustinianmonastic order, at Erfurt, Germany.
1674
Birth of Isaac Watts, innovative pioneer of modern English hymnody. Among his manybeloved sacred compositions are: 'At the Cross,' 'Joy to the World,' 'Marching to Zion' and'When I Survey the Wondrous Cross.'
1853
Confirmation of sixteen-year-old Frances Havergal in Worcester Cathedral. She becomes a notable hymnwriter, author of "Take My Life and Let it Be" among many others.
1902
Ying Lianzhi, a Catholic convert in Nanjing, publishes the first issue of a newspaper called Da Gong Bao that will deal with such controversial issues as missionary attitudes toward the Chinese. He will also become a co-fonder of Fu Jen University.
1942
New Tribes Mission was organized by founder Paul W. Fleming. Thisinterdenominational missions agency supports over 1,000 staff members in countries aroundthe world.
1944
Abraham of Travancore becomes metropolitan of the Mar Thoma Church of India, sometimes called the "Syrian" church.
1950
Death of Evangeline Cory Booth, Salvation Army general. The daughter of founder William Booth, Evangeline had supervised the field operations of the Army in Great Britain, Canada, and Alaska. In 1904 she had been promoted to head the American branch of the denomination. Among her contributions was authorship of many popular Salvation Army hymns.

Copyright Statement
© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"