Historical Writings

Today in Christian History

Wednesday, July 21

438
Death in Constantinople of the Novatianist bishop Paul, who was so highly regarded that all sects and parties, including the Orthodox archbishop, will unite in singing psalms at his funeral.
1482
Andrew, archbishop of Carniola, nails a formal arraignment of Pope Sixtus IV to the cathedral doors in Basel, and demands a council. The pope excommunicates him and he is soon found dead in prison.
1648
The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland passes an act that says no minister, even if licensed, may be admitted to a congregation without the consent of the General Assembly.
1833
Death from malaria of Melville Cox, missionary to Liberia, who had said, "Let a thousand fall before Africa be given up!" He had been the first missionary sent by the Methodists of America.
1886
The cardinal's hat was conferred upon Elzear Alexandre Taschereau, 66, archbishopof Quebec. He was the first Canadian to be made a cardinal in the Catholic Church.
1889
Death at Rostock, Germany, of Michael Baumgarten, a theologian and active promoter of free church life.
1900
Albert Schweitzer, who will become a famed theologian and missionary, is licensed in theology.
1925
Following a sensational 12-day trial, high school biology teacher John T. Scopeswas found guilty of teaching evolution in his Dayton, TN classroom and was fined $100.
1953
Methodist bishop Garfield Bromley Oxnam voluntarily appears before the House Committee on Un-American Activities and expressed outrage that he was suspected of communism, declaring he had spoken against it all his life. He had probably fallen under suspicion because his social activism brought him into contact with other suspected individuals.
1967
Chief Albert John Mvumbi Luthuli is struck by a train and dies. A Congregationalist, he had been at the forefront of resistance to Apartheid in South Africa, an effort he tied to his Christian beliefs: "The road to freedom is via the cross." He had been the Nobel Peace Prize winner six years earlier.

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© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"