Historical Writings

Today in Christian History

Tuesday, September 13

1376
Gregory XI steps over his protesting father to return the papacy from Avignon to Rome.
1541
Calvin receives an uproarious welcome on his return to Geneva, whose authorities had banished him three years earlier.
1601
Death of Meletius Pegas, who, as Orthodox patriarch of Alexandria, had endeavored to reunite the Greek and Coptic churches. A fierce opponent of Roman Catholicism, he had nonetheless accepted the doctrine of transubstantiation.
1629
Death in Basel of John Buxtorf the Elder, an eminent Christian scholar of Hebrew language, writings, and customs. His work had been shaped by his desire to convert Jews. Basel authorities once fined him 100 gulden because his interest in Jewish ceremonies had led him to attend a circumcision.
1635
The Massachusetts General Court banished Separatist preacher Roger Williams, 32, for criticizing the Massachusetts Bay Company charter and for perpetually advocating a separation of church and state.
1816
Robert Moffat is ordained and set apart with eight other missionaries to work in South Africa. He becomes a notable translator and the father-in-law of David Livingstone.
1818
Samuel Leigh, Methodist missionary to Australia, lays the foundation stone of a chapel at Windsor, New South Wales, one of thirteen preaching places in a circuit he establishes.
1845
William Walford's hymn, "Sweet Hour of Prayer," first appeared in print in the "New York Observer." Walford (1772-1850), a blind lay preacher, had written the poem three years earlier in the village of Coleshill, England.
1931
Pentecostal preacher Aimee Semple McPherson marries David Hutton, a vaudeville performer. The marriage (her third) will end in divorce.
1988
Qatar allows the first public Catholic mass since Islam conquered the region in the seventh century. Subsequently Qatar will authorize public worship by five other Christian denominations.

Copyright Statement
© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"