(a) Who was also called Astyages.
(b) For Cyrus led with ambition, and went about wars in other countries, and therefore Darius had the title of the kingdom, even though Cyrus was king in effect.
(c) For even though he was an excellent Prophet, yet he daily increased in knowledge by the reading of the scriptures.
(d) He does not speak of that ordinary prayer, which he used in his house three times a day, but of a rare and vehement prayer, lest their sins should cause God to delay the time of their deliverance prophesied by Jeremiah.
(e) That is, has all power in yourself to execute your terrible judgments against obstinate sinners, as you are rich in mercy to comfort those who obey your word and love you.
(f) He shows that whenever God punishes, he does it for just cause: and thus the godly never accuse him of rigour as the wicked do, but acknowledge that in themselves there is just cause why he should so treat them.
(g) He does not excuse the kings because of their authority, but prays chiefly for them as the chief occasions of these great plagues.
(h) He shows that they rebel against God, who do not serve him according to his commandment and word.
(i) As in (Deuteronomy 27:15), or the curse confirmed by an oath.
(k) That is, according to all your merciful promises and the performance of them.
(l) Show yourself favourable.
(m) That is, for your Christ's sake, in whom you will accept all of our prayers.
(n) Declaring that the godly flee only to God's mercies, and renounce their own works, when they seek for remission of their sins.
(o) Thus he could not content himself with any vehemency of words: for he was so led with a fervent zeal, considering God's promise made to the city in respect of his Church, and for the advancement of God's glory.
(p) He alludes to Jeremiah's prophecy, who prophesied that their captivity would be seventy years: but now God's mercy would exceed his judgment seven times as much, which would be 490 years, even until the coming of Christ, and so then it would continue forever.
(q) Meaning Daniel's nation, over whom he was careful.
(r) To show mercy and to put sin out of remembrance.
(s) That is, from the time that Cyrus gave them permission to depart.
(t) These weeks make forty-nine years, of which forty-six are referred to the time of the building of the temple, and three to the laying of the foundation.
(u) Counting from the sixth year of Darius, who gave the second commandment for the building of the temple are sixty-two weeks, which make 434 years, which comprehend the time from the building of the temple until the baptism of Christ.
(x) In this week of the seventy, will Christ come and preach and suffer death.
(y) He will seem to have no beauty, nor to be of any estimation; (Isaiah 53:2).
(z) Meaning Titus, Vespasians's son, who would come and destroy both the temple, and the people, without any hope of recovery.
(a) By the preaching of the Gospel he affirmed his promise, first to the Jews, and after to the Gentiles.
(b) Christ accomplished this by his death and resurrection.
(c) Meaning that Jerusalem and the sanctuary would be utterly destroyed because of their rebellion against God, and their idolatry: or as some read, that the plague will be so great, that they will all be astonished at them.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Daniel 9". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://beta.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26