Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1639 - גָּרַע

Transliteration
gâra‛
Phonetics
gaw-rah'  
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
384
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to diminish, restrain, withdraw, abate, keep back, do away, take from, clip

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to diminish

1a2) to restrain

1a3) to withdraw

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be withdrawn

1b2) to be restrained

1c) (Piel) to withdraw, draw up

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 683 ‑ ἀπωθέω (ap‑o‑theh'‑om‑ahee, ap‑o'‑thom‑ahee);  620 ‑ ἀπολείπω (ap‑ol‑ipe'‑o);  650 ‑ ἀποστερέω (ap‑os‑ter‑eh'‑o);  864 ‑ ἀφικνέομαι (af‑ik‑neh'‑om‑ahee);  1808 ‑ ἐξαίρω (ex‑ah'ee‑ro);  3587 ‑ ξυράω (xoo‑rah'‑o);  4931 ‑ συντελέω (soon‑tel‑eh'‑o);  5302 ‑ ὑστερέω (hoos‑ter‑eh'‑o);  851 ‑ ἀφαιρέω (af‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  1813 ‑ ἐξαλείφω (ex‑al‑i'‑fo);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (21)
Exodus
4
Leviticus
1
Numbers
5
Deuteronomy
2
Job
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Jeremiah
2
Ezekiel
2
NAS (26)
Exodus
4
Leviticus
1
Numbers
5
Deuteronomy
4
Job
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
2
HCS (22)
Exodus
4
Leviticus
1
Numbers
5
Deuteronomy
2
Job
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
2
Ezekiel
2
BSB (22)
Exodus
4
Leviticus
1
Numbers
5
Deuteronomy
2
Job
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
2
Ezekiel
2
ESV (17)
Leviticus
1
Numbers
5
Deuteronomy
2
Job
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Jeremiah
2
Ezekiel
2
WEB (22)
Exodus
5
Leviticus
1
Numbers
5
Deuteronomy
2
Job
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Jeremiah
2
Ezekiel
2
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2087) orc (גראה GRAh) AC: Diminish CO: Ledge AB: ?: Something made small through removal. [from: rc]

V) orc (גראה GRAh) - Diminish: To be made less through removal. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) diminish, take, away, restrain, abate, back, minish, small, withdraw - Strongs: H1639 (גָּרַע)

hf1) eorcm (מגראהה MGRAhH) - Ledge: As diminished in size. KJV (1): narrowed - Strongs: H4052 (מִגְרָעוֹת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

גָּרַע fut. יִגְרַע to scratch, to scrape (like very many verbs beginning with גר), hence

(1) to scrape off the beard (like the Syr. ܓܪܰܥ), Jeremiah 48:37 according to some copies, Isaiah 15:2 (see under גָּדַע ). To this answers the Gr. κείρω, fcheeren. Hence

(2) generally to take away, to withhold (cogn. χῆρος, and intrans. careo). Jeremiah 26:2, אַל תִּגְרַע דָּבָר “take not away any thing (from it),” followed by מִן Job 36:7. Often גָּרַע מִן is equal to, to take away (something) from any thing, but so that the acc. of the part taken away is omitted. Compare opp. הוֹסִיף No. 2, Deuteronomy 4:2, 13:1 Exodus 5:8, 19 Ecclesiastes 3:14. Hence with an acc. to diminish, prop. to take away from.- Exodus 21:10; Ezekiel 16:27; Job 15:4, וְתִגְרַע שִׂיחָה לִפְנֵי אֵל “and thou withholdest prayer before God.” Followed by אֶל to take in, i.e. to lay up, to put in store for oneself; für fich behalten, compare גָּרַם. Job 15:8, “hast thou hearkened in the council of God, וְתִגְרַע אֵלֶיךָ חָכְמָה and hast thou taken in all knowledge?” Cognate is the Arabic usage, in which جرع is to absorb, to swallow down.Piel i.q. Kal No. 2, to draw in. Job 36:27, כִּי יְגָרַע נִטְפֵי־מַיִם “after (God) attracts, (draws up) the drops of water.”

Niphal

(1) pass. of Kal No. 2, to be taken away, withheld. Construed either so that the thing to be taken away is expressly marked, Numbers 27:4, 36:3 or so that it is supplied, נִגְרַע מִן there is taken away from any thing, a thing is lessened, Numbers 36:3, fin.; Exodus 5:11; Leviticus 27:18. Hence

(2) to be put back, made less of, Numbers 9:7.

Derivative מִנְרָעוֹת.

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List of Word Forms
אֶגְרַע֙ אגרע גְּרֻעָ֑ה גְּרוּעָֽה׃ גרועה׃ גרעה וְנִגְרְעָ֤ה וְנִגְרַ֖ע וְתִגְרַ֖ע וְתִגְרַ֥ע וָאֶגְרַ֖ע ואגרע ונגרע ונגרעה ותגרע יְגָרַ֣ע יִגְרַ֥ע יִגְרָֽע׃ יִגָּרֵֽעַ׃ יִגָּרַ֖ע יִגָּרַ֤ע יגרע יגרע׃ לִגְרֹ֑עַ לגרע נִגְרָ֛ע נִגָּרַ֗ע נגרע תִּגְרַ֖ע תִגְרְע֖וּ תִגְרְע֥וּ תִגְרַ֖ע תגרע תגרעו ’eḡ·ra‘ ’eḡra‘ egRa gə·ru·‘āh gə·rū·‘āh gəru‘āh gərū‘āh geruAh liḡ·rō·a‘ ligRoa liḡrōa‘ nig·gā·ra‘ niḡ·rā‘ niggaRa niggāra‘ nigRa niḡrā‘ tiḡ·ra‘ ṯiḡ·ra‘ ṯiḡ·rə·‘ū tigRa tiḡra‘ ṯiḡra‘ ṯiḡrə‘ū tigreU vaegRa venigRa venigreAh vetigRa wā’eḡra‘ wā·’eḡ·ra‘ wə·niḡ·ra‘ wə·niḡ·rə·‘āh wə·ṯiḡ·ra‘ wəniḡra‘ wəniḡrə‘āh wəṯiḡra‘ yə·ḡā·ra‘ yegaRa yəḡāra‘ yig·gā·ra‘ yig·gā·rê·a‘ yiḡ·ra‘ yiḡ·rā‘ yiggaRa yiggāra‘ yiggaRea yiggārêa‘ yigRa yiḡra‘ yiḡrā‘
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2020. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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